Welding Basics: The Different Types of Welding
There are various different types of welding you’ll need to understand in order to get into the industry and begin your work. Working with metals and melting them into creations of art is something of a skill. Welding is no longer just joining two pieces of metal together, you’re hand-crafting large pieces of metal into a sculpture you envision. Starting a career in welding requires a certain level of skill and knowledge. The work can be very time-consuming and it’s best to learn alongside other professionals in the industry so that you understand the correct procedures.
We’ve outlined the different types of welding for you to get a basic understanding, ready for when you begin your work.
Gas Metal Arc Welding (MIG/GMAW)
The most common form of industrial welding is Gas Metal Arc Welding, also known as MIG welding. This is one of the simplest forms of welding and can, therefore, be mastered easily. Due to its ease of use, this is often used for home welding and commonly used for industrial welding. The process uses a shielding gas along the wire electrode, heating the two metals in order to join them.
Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
This form of welding is more commonly known as stick welding and is the most basic of the different types of welding to use. The welder uses a stick with an electric current flowing through to create an arc between the two metals to join them. This type of welding can be used easily for basic repairs, manufacturing and for use with construction.
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
Joining thick non-ferrous and stainless steel together is the main use for this type of welding. The process is very similar to arc welding, however, in this method, a tungsten electrode produces the weld. This form of welding is quite complex and can be very time-consuming. It is used for accomplishing a higher quality finish without causing excessive cleanup.
Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
Due to the portability and the high welding speed, the semi-automatic arc weld is regularly used in construction projects. Flux-cored arc welding is used as an alternative to shield welding and uses an automatic continuously-fed tubular electrode containing a flux.